Taiwan

Taiwan does not operate under the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption. Australia’s arrangement with Taiwan is through a bilateral arrangement, demonstrating practical compliance with, and implementation of, Hague Convention standards.

Hague Convention information

Consistent with Hague Convention principles, Taiwan is committed to attempting to place a child with a family in Taiwan before determining a child is eligible for intercountry adoption.

Australia works with three agencies in Taiwan. These are the Christian Salvation Service (CSS), Child Welfare League Foundation (CWLF), and Chung Yi Social Welfare Foundation (Chung Yi).

Waiting times

The current waiting time is up to three years from the time the applicant’s file is accepted by the agency in Taiwan. However, waiting times have been getting longer for some time. You should be prepared for the possibility of a long wait.

Who can adopt?

To adopt from Taiwan you must first be found eligible to adopt according to your state or territory’s eligibility requirements for intercountry adoption.

Each of the three Taiwanese adoption agencies that Australia works with specifies the eligibility criteria for adoption of its children, and these criteria vary between agencies.

Depending on your state or territory of residence, you can apply to adopt through:

  • Christian Salvation Service (CSS): accepts applications from all Australian states and territories.
  • Child Welfare League Foundation (CWLF): accepts applications from Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia and the Australian Capital Territory.
  • Chung Yi Social Welfare Foundation (Chung Yi): accepts applications from New South Wales and South Australia. Chung Yi will also accept applications to adopt children over five years of age or children with special needs from all states and territories.

None of the three Tawianese agencies accept applications from de facto or same-sex couples. CWLF may accept single applicants for children with very complex special needs.

Agency specific eligibility requirements are included below.

Christian Salvation Service (CSS)

Families from all Australian states and territories may apply to CSS under the following eligibility criteria:

Marriage

  • Applicants must be married for at least five years.
  • Applicants who have been married more than twice, couples in de facto or same sex relationships, and single applicants are not eligible.

Age

  • Applicants must be between 25 and 45 years of age when the adoption proposal is sent.

Health

  • Applicants should be infertile.
  • Preference is given to childless couples or couples with one adopted or biological child.
  • Applicants must be in good health with a Body Mass Index (BMI) under 30.

Education

  • Preference is given to applicants with tertiary education (eg university qualifications or ongoing professional education).

Religion

  • CSS will only accept applicants who are practicing Christians actively involved with their Church community.
  • Applicants who are members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Seventh Day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses or Christadelphians are not eligible to adopt through CSS.

Finances

  • Applicants must have stable financial means to support a child.

Criminal record

  • Applicants must not have a criminal record.

Attitude towards adoption

  • Couples must also show a good understanding and acceptance of adoption issues. Parenting a child who has been orphaned and institutionalised raises many potential challenges.

Additional information

  • Birth parents are usually involved in the selection of prospective adoptive parents for their child.
  • If a child or sibling group cannot be placed with applicants who meet all general eligibility criteria, applicants who do not meet criteria regarding age, infertility or the number of children in their family may be considered.  Each case will be considered on its own merits.

Child Welfare League Foundation (CWLF)

Families from Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia and the Australian Capital Territory may apply to CWLF under the following criteria:

Marriage

  • Applicants must be married for more than three years.
  • Applicants who have been married more than twice or in de facto or same sex relationships are not eligible.
  • Single applicants may be accepted for children with very complex special needs.
  • Citizenship Applicants must be Australian citizens.

Age

  • Applicants under 50 years of age are preferred.
  • The age difference between applicants and the adopted child must be between 20 and 50 years, but preferably between 20 and 45.

Health

  • Applicants must be mentally and physically healthy.
  • Applicants who have experienced mental illness may be considered. However, eligibility will be based on the age of onset of applicant’s mental illness, any incident that triggers the applicant’s mental illness, duration of illness and the frequency of recurrence. Applicants who are no longer on medication and have not been diagnosed with depression for 3 years before applying are preferred.

Education

  • Applicants should be at least high school (or equivalent) graduates.

Number of children in family

  • Applicants must not have more than three children in their family or not more than four children including the adopted child.
  • The adopted child must be the youngest child in the family.
  • There should be a one year age difference between the adopted child and the youngest child already established in the family.

Finances

  • Applicants’ financial status will be considered with assessing their suitability to adopt.

Criminal record

  • Applicants with a criminal record will be accepted but the type of crime and the date of the crime will be taken into consideration.

Attitude towards adoption

  • Applicants must be willing to discuss their attitude towards open adoption and contact with birth families.
  • CWLF encourages open adoptions, including regular contact with birth families where there is consent.
  • Couples must show a good understanding and acceptance of adoption issues. Parenting a child who has been orphaned and institutionalised raises many potential challenges. Most children in need of families through CWLF are older children and children with special needs.
  • Applicants are encouraged to consider what special skills or resources they have (such as parenting ability and access to resources in psychiatry, counselling, therapies and other related fields) which will increase their ability to parent a child with special needs.

Additional information

  • Birth parents or guardians may be involved in the selection of prospective adoptive parents for their child.
  • If a child or sibling group cannot be placed with applicants who meet all general eligibility criteria, applicants who do not meet criteria regarding age, infertility or the number of children in their family may be considered.
  • Each case will be considered on its own merits.

Chung Yi Social Welfare Foundation (Chung Yi)

Families from New South Wales and South Australia may apply to Chung Yi under the below criteria. Chung Yi will also accept applications to adopt children over five years of age or children with special needs from all states and territories.

Marriage

  • Applicants must be married for at least two years.
  • Applicants who have been married more than twice, in de facto or same sex relationships and single applicants are not eligible.

Age

  • Applicants must be between 25 and 50 years of age. Where one or more adoptive parent is aged between 50 and 55, the family can only adopt children aged five or above, or children with special needs.

Health

  • Applicants must be mentally and physically healthy and must not have medical conditions that will affect their parenting ability.
  • Applicants who have experienced depression will be considered on a case by case basis.
  • Applicants should have a Body Mass Index (BMI) under 30.
  • Applicants with a BMI over 30 may still be considered, but those with a BMI under 30 will be given priority over those with a higher BMI.

Number of children in family

  • Applicants must not have more than 4 children in their family.

Education

  • Applicants must be high school graduates.

Finances

  • Applicants must have a stable residence, secure employment and stable financial means to support a child.

Criminal record

  • Applicants must not have a criminal record which may adversely affect their parental capacity as adopters, such as drug use and/or possession, domestic violence or an AVO (apprehended violence order).

Attitude towards adoption

  • Applicants must be willing to discuss their attitude towards open adoption and contact with birth families.
  • Couples must also show a good understanding and acceptance of adoption issues. Parenting a child who has been orphaned and institutionalised raises many potential challenges.
  • Most children in need of families through Chung Yi are older children and children with special needs. dependence or mental illness.
  • Applicants are encouraged to consider what special skills or resources they have (such as parenting ability and access to resources in psychiatry, counselling, therapies and other related fields) which will increase their ability to parent a child with special needs.

Additional information

  • Birth parents or guardians may be involved in the selection of prospective adoptive parents for their child.

Characteristics of children in need of adoption

Taiwanese children in need of intercountry adoption are generally four years of age and older. The majority of these children have complex social or medical backgrounds. All agencies have confirmed that Taiwanese children who are unable to stay with their birth families are likely to have special needs, including:

  • being born to parents with a history of mental illness, drug or alcohol abuse, or imprisonment
  • health conditions such as premature birth, low birth weight, kidney abnormality, heart condition, or physical/ intellectual disabilities
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or various degrees of developmental delay.

Costs

The estimated adoption fees and costs in Taiwan vary between USD$5000 and USD$14 000, depending on the child’s needs and the agency facilitating the adoption. The fees do not include travel and accommodation costs, immigration fees, Australian government fees or incidentals.

More detailed information on each agency’s fees is available from your state or territory central authority.

Travel

Applicants may be required to travel to Taiwan twice.

Depending on the requirements of the Taiwanese judge, a trip may be required to attend a court hearing in Taiwan, prior to travelling to accept placement of the child.

The time between the first trip, if required, and the second trip will vary depending on the judge. Some judges may choose to accelerate the decision-making process, enabling placement to happen within two to three weeks of the court hearing. In such cases, applicants may choose to stay in Taiwan to wait for placement, rather than returning to Australia. If the process is not accelerated, there will be approximately six weeks between the trips.

For placement of the child, applicants should be prepared to stay in Taiwan for five to seven days (the exact period varies with the child’s age and condition). Both members of the couple are strongly encouraged to travel to Taiwan to accept placement of their child.

Finalisation and post-adoption

Adoptions from Taiwan are automatically recognised in Australia.

Each of the three Taiwanese adoption agency’s requires post-placement reports following the adoption. Further information on each agency’s post adoption reporting requirements is available from your state or territory central authority.

Applicants must also fulfil any post-placement reporting requirements in their home state or territory.

The Australian Government is working to improve post-adoption support for newly formed families. For more information, visit Post adoption and support.

Immigration and citizenship

Children adopted from Taiwan have two pathways available to enter Australia.

  • apply for Australian citizenship in Taiwan and enter Australia using an Australian passport, or
  • apply for an Adoption (subclass 102) visa and travel using a Taiwanese passport, applying for Australian citizenship once the child arrives in Australia.

More information on citizenship requirements can be found by visiting Immigration, citizenship and passports or the Department of Immigration and Border Protection website.

More information

For more information about Taiwan, including the land, people, history, government, political conditions, economy, and foreign relations, please visit the Department of Foreign Affairs ‘Taiwan’ page.